Admitting in natural light, permitting views to the yard and beyond, providing natural ventilation—windows perform a number of critical roles in a home. And, because of the wide range of jobs they must do, sometimes simultaneously, house windows must be chosen thoughtfully and maintained with care.

The work of windows is often complex; for example, windows are expected to allow in light and views but keep out wind, rain, glare, cold, and intruders. To accomplish all of these tasks, windows must be designed with a range of features that work together seamlessly.

If you’re in the market for new windows, knowing what features to seek can be a challenge. The buying guide information in this section of HomeTips will help, as will the information on installing, caring for, and repairing windows.

Buying Windows, Screening & More

Windows come in many shapes and sizes and are made of several different materials, from wood to aluminum to vinyl. Basically, all windows have frames and glass, and most have weatherstripping. Windows used for ventilation have a means of opening and closing and may have screens to keep insects outside. Window types, styles, and materials are discussed in the Windows Buying Guide; see the Window Screens Buying Guide for information about the various screening materials available.

casement windows
Beyond offering natural light and ventilation, house windows bring in the outdoors. Marvin

Anatomy of a Window

While all windows consist of a frame and glass, beyond that there are any number of variations. If a window is operable, unlike a stationary window, it will have working parts and hardware. And, depending on the type of glass and frame material a window has, it may function differently from another window. For information on how a window works, see Window Parts & Diagrams.

Double-Hung Window Diagram
Double-Hung Window Diagram © Don Vandervort, HomeTips

Window Repair & Care

Windows generally perform reliably for years, but over time frames may begin to crack, panes may become broken, and window screening may become torn. In this section of HomeTips, you will not only learn how to repair window frames, glass panes, and screening but also discover how to weatherstrip a window and even clean Venetian blinds.

removing old glazing compound
First remove the old glazing compound. ©HomeTips

Window Installation

Installing a window is a task a moderately skilled do-it-yourselfer can take on, but it should not be attempted if there is any discomfort level. In How to Install a Window, we take you through the steps involved in installing a pre-hung window. Installation should not be attempted, however, without a thorough review of Wall Framing for a Window.

installing clad wood window
Clad-wood window offers beauty inside, durability outside. Pella
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About Don Vandervort
Don Vandervort has developed his expertise for more than 30 years as a remodeler and builder, Building Editor for Sunset Books, Senior Editor at Home Magazine, author of more than 30 home improvement books, and writer of countless magazine articles. He appeared for 3 seasons on HGTV’s “The Fix,” and served as MSN’s home expert for several years. Don founded HomeTips in 1996. Read more about Don Vandervort